Kamba Ramayanam- Bala Kandam-I
(Unlike the Valmiki Ramayana, Kamba Ramayana does not start with Valmiki asking sage Narada to suggest a proper Subject for writing an epic. It starts as per the grammatical rules for writing Tamil epics, with a prayer to God, a short introduction about his inabilities followed by picturesque description of the river surrounding Kosala kingdom, , Kosala kingdom, city of Ayodhya, the rule of Ayodhya and a short description of the king. These are given in five chapters and the rest of the book deals with story from birth of Rama till his marriage with Sita and their return to Ayodhya)
Payiram- Prayer to God and introduction
( Here the great poet prays to God to help him complete the huge task that he has undertaken and also gives an introduction to the task that he is undertaking.)
1.He who forever plays the sports of
Creating all the world by his thought,
Looks after it and destroys it ,
And is our lord and we only surrender to him.
2.I do not know how to realize the goodness ,
That cannot be easily realized of that God,
But among those three qualities only the first one is good,
And so drown and play in the sea of goodness of those people.
3.Those people learned the beginning , end and rare of everything ,
But know that Vedas are that which can be measured and not measured,
Those who do not have any desires would not catch hold of any other feet ,
Except the feet of He who is the abode of wisdom, good conduct and goodness.
4.One cat reached that great ocean of milk
And desired to drink it all by licking and slapping,
And like that I desired to tell the whole story ,
Of Rama who won over everything without committing any fault .
5.I started spinning this tale by using simple understandable words ,
Of the greatness of that great one , who by one arrow pierced the seven Mara Maras ,
Definitely like the curses of great ones becoming true immediately,
Which was told in this country by its first poet which even today lives.
6. In spite of Making the heavens curse me and that guilt getting attached to me ,
The reason for which I am writing this is because ,
I wanted to make the world understand the greatness of those godly poets,
Whose poetic skill came from and has come from questions which are not the untruth.
7. If those ears which are the store house of different type of poems,
Happen to hear my poems , they like the Asuna animal whose ear drinks,
Only the soulful music of the lyre would feel like it heard,
The harsh sounds produced by playing of drums.
8. I would very much like to tell those great poets ,
Who are experts in composing Tamil literature , song and Drama ,
“Would those words told by mad ones or by ignorant ones,
Or by the ones who are devoted be analyzed and researched?”
9, If on the floors of the room little children and dancing dames ,
Make scratches , would the architects bother about it?
Reading this inferior poems written by me, which does not have,
Even with a little knowledge of God, would expert writers get angry?
10. Though this story was written by three people in Sanskrit,
I have followed that one which was written first and I have ,
Written in Tamizh language using poems.
11.Basing on good character and describing the happenings,
Of the very great Hero from the time of his birth ,
This epic has been written in a faultless language ,
And was composed in Thiruvennai Nallore of Chadayappan.
1.The chapter on river.
( The author as per the grammar of epics in Tamil language , goes on to give a description of the back ground of the place where the story took place. He naturally starts with the river, which during those times and even today determines the prosperity of the country. In this and in the following chapters , the poet possibly describes his own country and environment and follows the great tamil tradition. The river around Ayodhya was Sarayu , which was a tributary to the river Ganges. Dasaratha was ruling over the Kosa;a country with Ayodhya as its capital. Some of his forefathers had lost the country that they were ruling and Dasaratha got the kingdom of Kosala from his queen Kausalya)
12. Both those five edged arrows which do many crimes,
And the arrow like eyes of those ladies who have .
Busts laden with very many ornaments ,
Do not go beyond Dharma in the Kosala country,
And we would talk about the river that encircles that country.
13. Those clouds that resemble the colour of the ash coated God,
After making the paths it travels over beautiful and after gathering food from the sea,
Became of the colour of him who is being approached by Goddess Lakshmi,
Having breasts coloured with the smoke of incense and then returned.
14.That sea sent those clouds spread densely thinking that ,
“My father in law * has become very dry,
Due to the heat of the sun and so I will bathe him with water,”
And made them pour water all over the mountain, and rose very high.
*(Sea is the husband of all rivers and mountains their father.)
15. Similar to the devas thinking that that Himalaya mountain was made of Gold,
And made the stars fall all over the mountain like a rain of silver,
Similar to the philanthropists giving their all ,
The clouds gave away all the water they had to that mountain.
16.The water in the river (Sarayu) flowed rapidly like ,
The travel of the fame of those great kings who ruled under a cool umbrella ,
Who had great sense of self respect and who followed Dharma and who followed justice of Manu,
And like the charity being given to the wise Brahmins who knew the four Vedas.
17. Like hugging the heads , bodies and hands and
Without stopping there , deserting them after some time,
The water took away all that was anywhere in the mountain,
And flowed swiftly in the river like a courtesan.
18.Because it was flowing carrying gems, gold , peacock feathers,
Pretty tusks of the elephant. Incense ,sandal , incomparable garlands
From one place to other , that river resembled the men of trade.
19. Arranging many coloured flowers , fixing soft pollen grains,
Getting mixed with honey , having pure golden crystals,
And also carrying the Must which flowed from elephants,
That river resembled the many coloured rainbow.
20.Because it was carrying Mountains, Uprooted trees ,
And nearby leaves and bringing them, that river resembled ,
The movement of the monkeys when Rama wanted
To bridge the ocean which was full of waves.
21. With flies and bees hovering around it ,
With it crossing its boundaries,
Increased enthusiasm making it looking greatly confused,
And due to it dragging teak would logs and burping ,
That river looked like the men who drank alcohol.
22.With huge headed joyful elephants dragging,
Large number of other animals in a formation,
Making huge sounds and with flag like ,
Scenes arising there from which were seen there ,
The river appeared to march for a battle against the sea.
23. Adopting the very good character which should be appreciated ,
Among the innumerable kings of the clan of the sun,
That river Sarayu, to all the beings in worlds surrounded by water,
Was continuous similar to the feeding breasts of the mother.
24.Since it was dragging and bringing the scented powders made by ladies of Mountain,
Along with saffron , kottaam, cardamom, the sandal* which makes the body shiver with cold,
Vetchi flower , citrus , lemon grass , myrobalam, kondrai, aathi , different type of leaves,
The bee hives of the mountain , logs of Akil tree the Water of the Sarayu river was scented.
(* Sandal and cardamom are not found on Himalayas but on western ghats)
25.Due to making hunters living in small villages by rain of arrows (water)run way,
Due to driving away hunter ladies , making them beat again and again their belly with their hands
By showering arrows with sharp ends and bows similar to the showering of water similar to the waves,
That river was similar to the army of a king who use to win in the battle.
26.Stealing together the well set curd, butter and Ghee.
And eating all of them together, breaking huge Marudha and kurutha trees,
Drenching the eyes of cowherd women and stealing al the dresses that they wear,
And dancing on the snake decorated by lions as well as dots,
Is the holy pure one and the holy river was also like that.
27.Lashing against the doors of dams , making the cultivators shout with joy,
Making the streams fill up with water, making the honey bees drilling holes,
Pushing the water and separating series of gems, making whirl pools fall by its tide,
It was similar to the elephant which rains must and reached the cultivated land.
28.Making the forests in to mountainous land.
Making cultivated lands to forests,
Making the grassy sea shore in to matchless cultivated lands,
And carrying innumerable things from one place to another,
It resembled fate which was dragging events , the way it liked.
29.With the alarm ringing showing arrival of water,
In the water canals guarded by the farmers,
With the water bubbles which travel in proper fashion,
With gold and gems being thrown by the tides of the river,
Heightened by tide, . Standing tall due to great waves,
Tearing the earth and going ahead, taking water,
From one canal to another, the waters of the river Sarayu,
Travelled similar to branches of families of human beings.
30 The waters of the river born in between rocks of Himalayas,
And merging with the waters of the sea ,
Seems to say that the boundless Vedas,
Were telling , “This is the divine truth,”,
By being single while it began and later spread,
Among the lakes and ponds all over ,
And was similar to the words of many religious scholars ,
Who studied the books and told about a single divine truth.
31. The waters of Sarayu wandered all over,
In gardens where lots of pollen grains fall,
In the forests thickly occupied by Champa trees,
In the newly form sand banks all over its shores,
In the Gardens of betel nut palms with a fence of Kurukathi plants,
In the paddy fields , like the soul which wanders around,
Different bodies which were all learning the books with four branches.
(The chapter on the country)
(After describing the river of the country, the author describes the Kosala country of Dasaratha. Sage Valmiki has also described the KOsala country)
32.Using four lined verses , the great one called Valmiki,
Composed sweet poems which were drunk by devas using their ears,
After drinking the alcohol called love , I am now talking ,
About the country he described like a dumb one who has started talking.
33.There , all the fields were full of pearls, the water ways to fields were full of conches,
The paths dividing fields meant for over flow of water were full of pure gold,
The ditches where buffaloes take bath was all full of red lotus flowers,
Corals in places water stood , swans occupying all the paddy fields,
In the uncultivated land near by , were flowing with honey,
And in all the pretty gardens bees were dancing after drinking honey.
34. In the limits of that great cultivable lands was the sound of rivers flowing,
The sound created by farmers when they were working,
The sound of juice of sugarcane flowing from the work place,
The big sound which was coming out of the big mouth of conches,
The sound of bull dashing against bull. The sound created by buffalos swimming in the water
Were being heard one mixing with the other , in different times.
35.With peacocks playing in the garden , With lotus flowers holding the lamps,
With clouds making sound like drums, With kuvalai flowers opening their eyes and seeing,
With water storages shining like curtains, With bees singing like the honey sound Of Yaazh(a stringed instrument),
It appeared as if the lady of cultivable land was sitting in a regal manner.
36. The goddess Mahalakshmi who increases the beauty of the bees lives in the lotus,
The eyes of ladies and the arrows of God of love, would strike the lovers in the cool evenings,
The corals of the ocean and the shining pearls would live in the big black clouds,
And the truth and the inner meaning of famous books live on the Toungues of people of Kosala.
37. The water would sleep in the conches, the buffaloes sleep in the shades of trees,
The bees sleep inside flower garland, The goddess Lakshmi sleeps inside the lotus flowers,
The Tortoise sleeps in the slushy mud, The shells of pearls would sleep in stored waters,
The swans sleep in the harvested paddy and the peacock sleeps in the gardens.
38.The Gold which comes out when ploughing, the pearls produced by the shells,
The collection of gems which shine in the fields which have been ploughed,
The new fresh awns of paddy and the tender sugarcane and the bees,
And faces of the farm women , like the lotus flower shine with their eyes open.
39.The rustic musicians having small lyre producing clear music notes,
After drinking the toddy made with sweetness along with soft drum beats,
And the songs which were being sung here and there, would wake up,
Those peacock like ladies with jet black eye sleeping on the cots made of pure gold,
On the halls which shine with pure whiteness of the high order.
The sweet juice coming out of sugarcane in the factories,
The juice coming out of cutting the flowers by toddy tappers,
The sweet juice flowing out of the fallen fruits in the orchards,
The honey flowing out of the pierced wound made by arrows in honeycombs,
The honey that flows from the flower garlands ,being excess flowed rapidly,
Reached the places where ships are there in the sea and fishes drank them and were overjoyed.
41.The farm women spoke words which are as sweet as poems,
And their broad long eyes were matching with their hands, legs as well as mouth,
And since none of their limbs were similar to the pretty weed flowers like lotus,
Those farmers from whose side of the mouth , the toddy flowed ,
Were walking hither and thither not able to throw away the weeds,
Because of the great love they had for their women folk. Would they be able to live?
42.The waves of the black sea were full of the scent taken from the hairs of the women,
Decorated by sandal and flowers, Who were taking bath in the newly flowing water of the rivers,
And what can we say about the number of such women , who were speaking honey like words by their red mouth,
And who were seeing the men with their sword like side long eyes, making the men desire for them.
43.Due to the pretty men who were wearing ear studs and also wearing the creams mixed with natural camphor,
And also sandal paste mixed further with saffron . taking bath by dipping in the river ,
Making the excess water flow in to the gardens and in the fields of crops like paddy,
In those areas and in places of alluvial soil, the bees would always be crowding about.
44.The red legged swan wandering in the fields like the ladies who had fish like eyes,
Had left their tender young ones on the bed of lotus flowers, and they started drinking milk ,
That was flowing from the udders of buffaloes with slushy mud sticking on their legs ,
When then they started making noise recollecting the young ones and let out milk,
And started sleeping to the lullaby sung by the green coloured toads.
45.While the koels are happy with their mate ,
While the peacocks that were dancing behind the tree branches ,
Were making the stage prettier than the ladies with the spear like eyes,
The swans with packed feather were sleeping on the bed of very many lotus flowers,
And to wake them up the bees being drunk were singing the tunes which are to be sung at dusk.
46-49 .While those who have married ladies who were very compatible with them,
Who were following them like the shadow that follows the flying kite ,
Were enjoying the music sung which were following its grammar,
Were enjoying with their ears the great books which were sweeter than nectar,
And Were celebrating the festival of food after they saw the face of their guests,
Some others were showing an angry mind and reddish coloured eyes,
Seeing the cock with a knife tied on its feet, showing severe anger without any previous enmity,
Showing no distaste for entering in to The war , because if a stain is created in the valorousness of life,
And did not bother about their life and those make them fight,
And some others , who were surrounded by bees which were attracted
By the flowers that they wore in their hair,
Were shouting at the top of their voice the sound of which went up to the cloud,
When the red eyed buffalo calves given birth by the she buffaloes ,
Were dashing against each other making others feel it is the angry thunder,
And then were nearing each other making one feel that the darkness has spread everywhere,
And later dividing themselves in to two groups , then got angry with each other,
And there were also farmers who were driving the bullocks shouting at them ,
Making the white tip of lotus flowers , opening on the stem with thorns, break,
Making the gold and pearls in the land swept to a side ,
With the conch called Chalamchala making booming sound,
With fishes caught in the plough spring here and there,
With tortoises withdrawing themselves in to their shells,
And the big wishes trying to hide themselves in the side of the path.
50. Since the country was protected by a king, who knew the rules of ruling,
Who kept his desires under control , Who got angry when and where he should,
Who knew the amount of tax that he was collecting and who was merciful to his citizens,
That country was avoiding the burden and were similar to the land which was like god to them,
That country was avoiding the burden and were similar to the land which was like god to them,
And the ships unburdened themselves their golden imports on the beach land.
51. The Farmers carried the harvested straw of the paddy cut by the knife ,
Arranged them in heaps which touched the sky, marked them for identification,
And after beating the paddy, they used to heap them and while bringing it to depots
Would help the needy and would make some paddy reach their homes so that guests can take them,
And the rest would be laden fully and carried in carts and these would make the earth bend due to their load.
52.The farmers like the honey bee which takes up honey from various flowers,
Take up the cultivation of cereal crops which grow in the fields in plains,
Scented flower crops which grow in water, fruit crops which are harvested from old trees,
Pulse crops which grow in uplands,. Fruits and flower crop grown from cuttings,
And various other Root and tuber crops which are grown in pits.
53. All over the country the nectar like food suitable to be served to gods of earth,
Which consisted of three fruits (Jack, banana and mango) which are considered the best fruits,
Along with various type of Dhals , with ghee drowning the food that has been served,
With pieces of red curd and with sugar candy pieces placed in between the cooked rice,
Were cooked in every house and was partaken along with various guests and relatives,
54.The male bees in those crop lands seeing the shining lotus like faces,
Of young girls , which had pretty eyes on which collyrium was applied,
And thinking that they were female bees who were their consorts,
With great love waited all the day long in those Crop growing lands.
55.On one side of that crop land , the ladies of the farm who were having,
A face which has won the god of love , along with breasts which make the passion grow,
Which make the males submissive , Made them stand erect like The ribbon fishes,
Which had drunk the toddy that was oozing out from the leaf sheaths .
56.The black she buffalos which are immersed in cold water of the field,
Which looked like some blue clouds of the sky , used to rain the milk ,
From their udder , when they thought about their calves m which were,
Left out In the village and due to that the red paddy crops look more healthy.
57.The water that used to wash the rice before it is kept for cooking,
In a kitchen which does not have any scarcity for any thing,
Over flows and flows through the garden of very tall betel nut palms ,
And would reach the nursery field of red rice and make the seedlings healthy.
58. Those very clear coloured cocks with plumes on their head,
When they scratched the earth with dirt using their legs ,
See shining ruby stones on that heap of dirt,
And thinking they are glow worms , would keep them in their nests.
59.The maidens of the caste of cow herds would churn the curd,
Which has white foam colour till the sound of churner is heard ,
Again and again , With their ornamental conch bangles creates the sound of murmur,
And with their verry narrow waists which makes them bent forward,
Till their extremely pretty hands start paining.
60.The sweet musical sound of the sweet young birds in the crop fields,
The sound of young bees which is heard on the buds of flowers,
And the sound created by the flock of birds near the water bodies,
Are similar to the auspicious song of the pestle in the homes of rich charitable people.
61, Those girls with black eyes who reside near the sea shore,
Who have not learnt how to attract the mind of men,
Go and bring the shells of betel nuts in a small containers,
And build small houses in their courtyards, where pearls are scattered.
62.The water rich clouds which are hindered by huge mountains,
Shines after getting scared after hearing the huge sound created by
By dashing of the heads of the very huge headed male sheep,
Which have two huge horns and are born the very soft natured female sheep.
63.Leaving out the she elephants and calves , when the elephants,
Are tied using chains , in the areas where they are available for capture,
By those valorous people who normally live in the mountain,
The sound raised by them would scare away male swans which are happy with their mates.
64.Those who dig for root crops get very costly gems from there,
While those who harvest hanging mango fruits would get honey drops,
And those golden coloured punnai flowers would have dots,
And the swans which live in lotus tank would be sleeping.
65.In the courtyards of cowherds with flute made bamboo and ixora tree,
The song of Kuravai of land which is cultivated makes calves sleep,
The songs by the ladies occupying area near sea and the beach,
Flies and is heard in gardens which are guarded and lands which are irrigated.
66. Due to the dashing of wind in the bamboo bush , when the bee hive breaks ,
And when the new honey flows like snakes hanging from mountains,
Makes the colocasia stems break due to its speed,
And it is being grazed by conches in canals flowing from tanks with lilies.
67.Those broad eyed ladies have crescent shaped,
Forehead and have great wealth as well as great knowledge,
And because of that they give feast to all those who approach them,
And also daily host a feast for every one and what else can one expect?
68. In all the halls where free food is given with desire , there lie
Heaps of good and pure vegetable cut with crescent shaped knife
Along with cooked dhal and along with rice of the colour of white pearl.
69. To all those citizens of that Kosala country,
Ships would continuously bring them very great wealth,
The cultivable lands continuously would lead them to prosperity
The mines would continuously give them precious stones,
And the difficult to get clan heritage would give them good conduct.
70.Since nothing wrong is committed there , there is no unnatural death,
Due to the purity of thought of people , there is no anger there,
Due to absence of activities which are not good ,
Except for progress there is no deterioration.
71.That which spreads crossing its path there, is the flood,
That which has lost its recognition, is the shoulders of saffron mark,
That which is small is the thin , are waists of ladies there ,
And that which is scented there is the hair of girls decorated by flowers.
72.The smoke raised by putting incense sticks in fire, The smoke from kitchen,
The good smoke coming from Sugarcane processing places,
And the pretty smoke coming from Vedic fire sacrifices,
Spread everywhere and were looking like exuberant clouds.
73.The peacocks have borrowed prettiness from their ladies and walk about,
The sun was shining like the ornaments worn by those ladies over their breasts
The clouds were moving in sky resembling the hair on the head of those ladies,
And the pretty fishes which are like their eyes are rolling about in fields.
74.Those ladies whose waists look as if it is real were bathing in the churning water,
The lotus flowers which were like their reddish lips were opening ,
And they were walking like swans in the lake along with pretty locks ,
And the face of those ladies of that country opened like lotus flowers.
75.The spear like eyes of the ladies were laughing at the four faced Brahma,
Their gait was laughing at the walk of the she elephants,
Their two breasts were laughing at the lotus buds,
And their pretty faces were making fun of the moon with his crescents.
76. The gems that those ladies were wearing were shining better than the Sun,
The breasts of those women were looking better than tender coconuts,
The cloths that they were wearing was thinner than the foam of milk,
And the drums played at their wedding was louder than the thunder of clouds.
77. The gardens of that country was comparable to the clouds ,
The heaps of harvested produce in their fields was comparable to mountains,
The water that they have stopped in their dams was looking like the sea,
And that country blessed with wealth was similar to the land of devas.
78.Wherever mountains of paddy is not there , there would be mountains of pearls,
Wherever the pearl mountains were not there, there were mountains of sea nectar(salt),
Wherever those salt mountains are not there , there were mountains of Gold brought by the river,
And in several places there were huge sand banks full of costly gems.
79. The place where pretty damsels learn to play the ball,
Even though if it is not a sandal forest , due to their body scent would be Champaka forest,
And place where the Muruga(Subrahamanya) like males learn archery and other arts,
Though it is a garden with various flowers , will have a jasmine scent.
80.The nightingales in that country speak the sugar like sweet baby talk of their ladies,
The peacocks learn their gait again from them,
And the young female shells of the sea .
Are only giving out pearls after seeing their teeth.
81. In the homes of those who sell toddy , old toddy is there,
In the homes of those who cultivate , the implements for cultivation are there,
In the homes of the young men who get married, the sound of auspicious instruments echoes,
And in the house very great musicians(panar) , there are Yaazh with strings.
82. The flower garlands there ooze out honey ,
The commercial ships that come bring lot of gems and gold,
The wind showers the nectar drops that give life,
And the stories written by poets give songs sweet to the ears.
83. The peacocks which have very pretty feathers ,
Seeing the pleasing shadow of their peahens follow them,
Similar to the mind of youth , who after seeing ,
Their girls with flower ornamented hair,
And With pearl necklaces hanging over their breasts,
84.Since poverty is not there, there is no charity there,
Since there are none to fight face to face ,Strength cannot be exhibited,
Since no body tells a lie , there is no definition of truth,
And since wealth of questions are asked , there is no ignorance.
85.Since carts bringing huge stocks of gingelly, millets , ragi and maize
And the carts bringing lot of salt from the slushy salt farms
Are not able to be driven properly due to heaviness of their load,
They are being pushed by men who meet and mingle with each other.
86.Like those souls who cannot get salvation due to lack of divine wisdom,
Are born several times to completely wipe away Karmas done earlier,
Sugar, honey , sugary juices , the curd of lands of cowherds and toddy.
87.In those streets where the vocal music and the music from flute,
Is sung separately , like a river meeting yet another river,
The crowds coming for festivals and marriages meet with each other.
88.The sound of conches which are played by keeping them in the nose,
The sound of drums which give sound when beaten by sticks,
And the sound of big drums that are hung on the shoulder by belts,
Would all fade away in the sound of chastising of bulls by farmers.
89. The pretty hands of ladies who feed milk and rice,
To those children wearing the locket of Lord Vishnu ,
And who rain watery nectar like fluid from their mouth on their chests,
Look like the folded lotus flowers when the moon rises.
90. The outer beauty was permanent due to their inner beauty,
Due to their being without a lie , their justice lives permanently,
Due to love of their women , all the dharmas were permanent,
And due to the virtuous life of their women , the seasonal rain was permanent.
91.Who is capable of going round its garden filled lands,
And come back safely after seeing its boundaries?
For even the river Sarayu with plenty of flowing water,
Which runs through several canals has not seen its boundaries.
92We have till now told about the greatness ,
Of the faultless city of Kosala, which cannot be destroyed.
Even if the entire sea lead by huge wind enters in to it.,
And now we would describe about its capital city Ayodhya.
(Chapter about the city.)
(After describing the country, the poet describes the city , with its huge boundary walls , their great moats , the mansions in them as well its decorations.)
93. Ayodhya is described Using sweet appropriate words ,
And the best among the good and sweet words,
By all those great poets of yore ,
As well as those sages who have written the northern book,
Where the people living all over the world without boundaries,
Desire to do penance and also those people who live in ether worlds,
Consider very suitable to be born again and is a very great city.
94.Is the city of Ayodhya , the face of the earth or the thilaka on its face,
Is it the very long auspicious thread of the marriage?
Is it the gem studded necklace worn over the breasts?
Is it the place to live? , is it the lotus in which Lakshmi lives?
Is it the golden box studded with gems worn by Lord Vishnu?
Is it the city above the city of devas? How can we tell which?
95.Because Lord Shiva who occupies the other part of body of Parvathi,
Lord Vishnu who is the husband to both Goddess Lakshmi and earth,
And Lord Brahma who lives on the lotus flower thinking it as great wealth,
Have described it as the city which cannot be matched with any other,
The sun and moon, pushed by very great desire to wander there without blinking on the sky,
And can we find any other reason for them to wander above it?
96.The city of the king of devas who has the sharp Vajrayudha,
The city Alakapuri of Khubera were possibly created for practice by Brahma,
For the sake of creating this great divine and special city,
And Maya as well as the architects of devas stood ashamed,
For their inability to create such a city and forgot their jobs,
And so how can we describe the greatness of this city,
Which has huge tall buildings which even touch the sky?
97.The opinion of the great Vedas is that,
Those who do blessed deeds would reach heavens after death,
And who else is there in this world except Raghava,
Who nurtured dharma with penance in this world?
And if that one of very rare and great qualities ,
Ruled over all the seven worlds sitting here,
Can we point out any other place where,
There is much more happiness than this city?
98.If Lord Vishnu , who is the place of protection of all,
Those great ones who had mercy and Dharma with them,
Who were controlling all the sense organs which were their enemies,
And who were blessed with divine knowledge and great penance,
Considered tht this is suitable place for his incarnation,
And ruled this city for immesurable number of years along with Goddess Lakshmi ,
WE have to doubt whether there is any other city,
In this universe which is equivalent to this city.
99.All the kings are there, the best among ornaments are there,
All the gems which can never be got are all there ,
All the elephants in rut with rope tied to their neck are all there,
All the things in this world are there ,
And if all sages , devas and asuras have all assembled there ,
And if all of them praise the greatness of that city,
Is there a comparison to it . It is definitely difficult to find.
100. There are no mountains from the snow capped mountains ,
Which are like the city’s tall boundary walls ,
Which have been erected in a square as per rules of architecture here.
And so there is no comparison to its boundary walls ,
And if we want to talk about those great boundary walls ,
WE can say it is as high as the true divine knowledge ,
Which can be got after mastering great books of wisdom ,
And after that bring them to practice and get it in the micro form.
101.These boundary walls are similar to Vedas as their end cannot be seen,
They are like devas because they also have reached the world of devas,
They are like sages because they control outside attachments,
They are like like Goddess Durga who rides on deer as they both guard the city,
They are like Goddess Kali , because both hold spears for war,(spears are attached to walls)
And are like God because both of them are difficult to reach.
102.Those walls seem to have risen up to see the world of devas,
And to find out whether that city has pretty damsels like the city of Ayodhya,
Which is full of pretty ladies having shining nails fed with red colour,
By the juice of red cotton . having lotus like red feet,
Having thin waists like a climber plant, With breasts like small unripe coconuts,
Having bent bamboo like shoulders which are soft and stout,
And having the ability of very pretty attractive speech.
103.Those boundary walls were like the leaders of the clan of Sun,
Because it protects (Measures) the world by its scepter(scale),
Because they chop off the heads of those kings who attack the city(Walls can throw swords)
Because of their just(level) manner as dictated by the books of Manu,
Because of their ability to protect the city without anybody noticing it,
Because both of them posses weapons like the spear,
Because of their great strength , making impossible for others to defeat,
Because of their greatness and because of the way that they use the wheel.
104.Armed with machines which can throw weapons like the very angry spear ,
The sword which kills enemies , bow , axe , staff , wheel ,
THomara and the pestle and with the sling stone .
Which scares even the great thunder of clouds ,
Each of them being innumerable , these walls would be,
Able to kill the crowds of mosquitoes,
Or even Garuda , the king of birds , or even,
Fast travelling wind and even the mind ,
Which thinks about things that are harmful,
And if it is so what else needs to be told about security of the wall
105 . The kings born in the clan of Sun who protect the people,
Who follow virtuous character thinking that fame is better than ornaments,
Who shines in that the darkness from all the eight directions,
And whose order is implemented by their scepter and wheel ,
And are capable of even protecting the worlds of devas ,
But what is decorating the city are only those walls.
106.We are now going to talk of the moat which surrounds,
The boundary walls like the sea surrounding the round mountain,
Which goes very much down like the minds of Prostitutes,
Which is not very clear like verses which are not good,
And which cannot be approached by any one like private parts of a lady,
And has crocodiles like the five senses which prevent people from approaching good things.
107.The clouds which runs along with other cloud groups,
Seeing the borderless moat which is as deep as the world of serpents,
Thinking that it is the sea which will scare it , takes away water from there,
And thinking that the wall by its side is a mountain , rains on it.
108. The forest of scented lotus flowers , which grows inside the moat,
Which is by the side of that great wall being defeated in beauty by ,
The shining faces of ladies in private apartments of the king ,
Again regains its strength and looks as if it surrounds that great wall .
109. The crocodiles which live and rise from,
That moat which was built around the city , which had been built,
Carefully along with various type of deterrents and built by ,
Breaking all the stones all around , looked like elephants in rut.
Which could not escape from the sea and are sinking in it.
110.Those crocodiles waving their saw like tails and shining teeth,
Open their mouths and along with shining fire like eyes,
And are trying to fight and drive each other in that moat,
And are like the giants in the battle field who are fighting with each other.
111. That moat was resembling the great army of the kings,
With the wandering swans resembling white umbrellas,
With the wandering and encircling crocodiles looking like elephants,
With the waving lotus flowers along with the leaves resembling the horses,
And the fishes that are in it looking like swords and spears.
112. With the moat being built with edges that look like silver ,
And the inside of the moat looking as if it was built by crystal sheets,
Even devas would not be able to identify the crystal like bank of the moat,
From the crystal paved water in the moat .
113.That long and deep moat which was all around.,
The walls which looked like Chakravaka mountains ,
Is the forest which looked like a ribbon of darkness ,
Or if we think it as garden , it looks like a blue ribbon dress.
114 The four gates of that city stood firmly like the elephants ,
That are guarding all the directions of the earth and were tall ,
Like Trivikrama , the form to which he grew up from the short Vamana form,
And because they were making all the prosperous citizens,
Of the city walk in the right path, they resembled the four Vedas.
115.When the male dove called with love and,
Was attracted by the female dove picture above the gate,
And was not coming near it, the lady dove got upset,
And went away and hid itself in the Karpaga garden of the world of devas.
116-118. The seven storied tower over these entrances ,
Which were raised by arranging stones over each other .
Pasted with cut crystal sheets in the front , over which,
Gold was in laid and over which several gems were inlaid ,
Over which the partitions made of silver were constructed,
Over the shining stories constructed with emerald stones,
Over which faultless pillars of diamond were arranged,
Over which gold was inlaid , over which the long row,
Of shining lions were constructed and over which,
A hand width of cats eye gems were arranged,
And similar Seven stories which looked like seven branches were thus built,
AS per the architectural rule of erecting towers ,
And over the tower a roof of red copper were spread on the top of those ,
Over which at the peak a gem studded pot was kept,
And this tower looked like the crown placed on the head of Goddess earth.
119. The white houses which were painted with white lime ,
Got from burning the conches and looking at its whitness,
It made one exclaim, “Even the moon is blacker than this,”
And looked like the foam of the ocean of milk,
Which went up as a result of a huge stormy wind.
120.Those houses where the doves with spots on the body lived,
Had a roof made of several sheets of gold and looked like,
The faultless sun shining on a silver mountain,
With its early rays spreading on that mountain.
121.There were crores of such homes in that city ,
Which were built on pillars made of diamond.
Over which beams made of emerald were erected,
And looked like paintings have come out alive.
122. There were also innumerable villas with,
Floors paved with moon stone all over,
And had rows of pillars made out of sandalwood,
Over which beams made of red rubies were kept,
And with all its walls paved with blue topaz stones.
123. There were also innumerable homes ,
With artistic pillars having lotus shaped base ,
In between areas looking like serpents ,
Which would be looked at with desire by all people ,
With its very soft golden polished looks.
124.The eyelids of those who see it would remain opened,
And never get closed and since the sparkling light falls upon them,
They would all shine like devas and those ,
Houses were always having that sparkle live the air chariots of devas.
125. The ladies wearing pretty ornaments as well as,
The men who wear garlands over their chest ,
Would always follow boldly the path of Dharma there,
And those homes built by gems as well as gold,
Would never be less in deeds of Dharma ,
And by their luster would even win over the sun.
126 . Those mansions in the city touch the sky ,
Are very rich, have their fame spread everywhere,
And are surrounded by great light and are ,
Bear evidence of innumerable very fair citizens,
Who live like their stainless king who follows Dharma.
127. Those mansions bow like a stream and have,
Pearl necklaces that move here and there,
It has several flags and heaps of big gems ,
Have ornaments made of pure Gold ,
And also have very pretty peacocks,
128.Those mansions where the smoke of incense mixed everywhere,
Had huge flags which cannot be differentiated from clouds,
Along with spears tied at the tip of tall flag staffs ,
They were like the rows of flashes of lightning.
129. In those mansions where the peacock like ladies,
With very thin waists and stout breasts , wearing anklets on both legs,
Walk and create jingling sound, the pearl garlands,
Hung in those flags looked like Garlands flowered in wish giving trees.
130. Like the banana gardens which are seen in huge mountains,
In the flag post long flags are relatively more , and the reason,
For the moon to loose his crescents daily and its shine,
Is because of the rubbing of these long flags.
131. Those halls which are not made of gold are those,made of flowers,
Those halls where large number of people,
Do not assemble are buildings with more than one stair,
And those which are not constructed hills are courtyards of gems,
And those which are not courtyards are Pandals made of gems.
132. That city built by gold which can never be destroyed,
When exposed to lights like lightning or lamps or the rays of sun,
Was reflected up and city of devas looked golden.
133.The round shaped sun rises in the sky,
When it is rising has very weak light ,
At noon it increases and at evening .
It again decreases and that golden wall ,
Built by properly stacking gems which reflect fire ,
Makes the sun shine due to luster shines ,
Like the shadow of ladies of Ayodhya.
134. When the ladies wearing a well made golden waist belt ,
Raised smoke in the mansions to scent and dry their hairs,
That black smoke of incense went and attached themselves to the clouds,
And if that smoke also makes the ocean scented,
Is there need to tell about the quality of rain water?
135.The lisps of girl children whose hair has not been tied,
Would resemble the music of the flute , the talk of young girls,
Would be similar to the music of Makara yaazh(a stringed instrument),
And sweet music sung by the pretty damsels would be like the song of dancers,
In the street where the old ones sell toddy.
136.While the male elephants which show anger in their eyes,
Are cutting the ground with waving of their feet and making holes,
The attractive good to look at youth who go to play ,
In those grounds , fill them up by the scented powder that they wear.
137.When the young ladies play ball in the fields , the pearls,
They wear keep on falling , and when their lady servants,
Collect those limitless pearls and heap them on the field,
And these heaps of pearls give out light which make the moon ashamed.
138.When the pretty ladies dance on the stage , the spear,
Of the look of their side long eyes , melt the hearts of their lovers,
And due to this soul of those boys become as thin as the waist of those ladies,
And the love of those boys towards the girls keeps on increasing
139.When in some gardens the honey is raining,
The breeze and bees enter the garden to eat them with desire,
And when they enter creating pain to lovers, the breasts of ladies,
Who are boiling with love to their lover becomes smaller.
140. When the sweet music brought out from Makara Yazh with strumming,
Which makes the mind happier decreases in tone ,
The drums tied with belts increase in their tone ,
And the parrots which talk with the girls close their eyes and sleep.
141.The strong shoulders of men who are kicked with love tiff,
By the feet of the girls with a forehead similar to the strung ready bow,
And with lips similar to the red fruit and,
Who are engaged in painting the nails of their feet,
Which are like the red soft lotuses with dense petals, appear red.
142.It is possible that the paintings of that town are not closing their eyes,
So that they desire to keep on seeing the shining body without any defects,
Of the ladies who are fit to be saluted by every one ,
Whose shine makes it difficult to find time in that unmatched city.
143. The darkness of the mansions of the city in which lives
The Goddess Lakshmi who lives in the cool lotus flowers,
Is shining with light not because of good lamps lit with ghee or the gem lamps ,
But due to the shine and luster of the bodies of ladies there.
144.The great dancers of the city used to dance as per rules of dance,
Accompanied by drums sound of beats , and sound of songs ,
And their anklets used to describe the dance of their feet,
And the horse of the city used to dance very much like them.
145. A smile appears on their face and that smile,
leads to great sorrow to the one who loves her,
leads to great sorrow to the one who loves her,
AS their waist keeps on reducing in size ,
And their breasts wearing pearl and hold necklaces,
Increase in size and make their waist more miserable.
146. Those which do not loose joy from time to time,
Are those young swans which have a very pretty gait,
The big Kayal fishes in ponds where lotus has flowered,
The male bee which lives with its own female bees,
And t he elephant in rut eating “birasam?” and also,
The eyes of very pretty ladies.
147.The lions with fire like eyes and their lionesses,
Would like to live in mountain caves and the ,
The water of rut would rain like water,
And that would make the mud slushy and,
In that chariots with flags would sink .
148. The discarded flower garlands by ladies.
Would tie the legs of the horses dancing there,
And the discarded sandal paste from their breasts,
By the ladies after tiff and making love to their lovers,
Would make those who run there slide and fall.
149.When the horses run in the streets, the dust raised by their hoofs raises,
And the gems of those heroes who ride on the horses get hidden,
And they would be cleaned by the honey dripping from the garlands that they wear.
150. The juice of rut of the elephants have the scent of Vengai flowers,
The mouth of girls born in noble families have a scent of lotus,
The unmatched light emanating from their ornaments are shining everywhere.
And the flower that ladies decorate their hair give out pleasant smell.
151.What is the need to compare the city of devas,
Which is not counted in line with best cities, with this city?
Apart from it being different in giving all types of wealth,
After seeing the market place of this city, the wealthy Alakapuri lost to it
152.The armlets made great sound, their weapons are shining,
Their gem studded ornaments shine out , the scent of musk spreads everywhere,
The gems shine out , the honey bee swarms are singing,
And like this the crowd of gents was shining.
153.The sound of conches and horns , the sound of Makara Veena,
The sound of drums , the sound of Kinnara, the sound of hole instruments like flute,
And the sound of various musical instruments working in different ways,
Were being heard together , making the sound of sea feeble.
154.The city was full of pavilions where the tribute of several kings was being counted,
Pavilions where the ladies with swan like gait dance ,
Pavilions where the Vedas which is beyond thought are chanted by great people ,
And Pavilions where learned people debate about arts which are scarce.
155,The ornamental hangings of the village are greater than rays of Sun,
The directions all round the city were smaller than the wide streets,
The water of rut from elephants bigger than stream on mountain,
And The horse stables were bigger than the ocean.
156.The top of the mansions in the city vie with the clouds,
The decorative hangings of the city are shining because of pretty faces of ladies there,
And the eyes which are like arrows would dip in the hearts of men.
157.The sound produced by the heroic armlets of the king,
Are echoing as the sound of golden chariots as also,
The sound of the cavalry and the swans in the lotus pond,
Where the sound of anklets of pretty damsels is heard are jealous of that.
158.In that city people spend their time in lover’s tiff,
And then making love , become happy by singing ,
The songs that are greater than the soul,
Make expert lady musicians sing and enjoy it,
Dance as per the music and decorate themselves with pretty flowers.
159.Riding on trumpeting elephants of great vigour due to their great strength ,
And by riding on chariots drawn by very powerful horses,
Some people of that city spent their time by giving sufficient wealth and gold,
So that sorrow of poor people who are forced to beg is destroyed.
160.Others in that great city spent their time by making ,
Elephants fight with other elephants ,
Or by learning to use the powerful bows that they are having with them,
Or Riding on horses which have long manes.
Or by playing the matchless ball or by learning the art of war.
161. Some others in that shining city spent their time by plucking flowers in the garden,
Or walking like a female deer along with their young friends and taking bath in the pond,
Or by keep on drinking honey so that red pearl colour of their mouth is altered,
Or by playing all the games involving dice or by gambling.
162.The flags that are flying on the mansions without any wants,
Fly in different ways on the sky and going upward ,
Reach the Akasa Ganga and make that river dry,
Like The white clouds drink away the water of fish scented ocean.
163.The big entrances of that city blessed with decorative hangings,
AS well as the golden ramparts of the inner and outer city making a threesome,
All rise up to the sky but finding no place further to grow,
Similar to the mountain like shoulders of the male of the city ,
And their good character and friendly heart which are rising up,
Existed so that even mountains were ashamed on seeing them.
164.In the forests . backyards and the edges of ocean like moat of that city,
In the ponds where ladies play , in the mountains where streams are flowing,
In the houses on the top and in the pearl strewn on the Pandals,
In the garden where several bees keep on making sound ,
There would be beds made out of flower and tender leaves.
165. In that city where the clouds that give out clear water and oceans with waves are scared,
Daily the drums tied with leather would keep on making sound
Even among the animals there is no one to guard as there is no theft,
And because there is no one who begs , there is none who gives.
166.Due to the fact there are no one there who have not studied,
There is no one there who can be considered as top in one aspect,
There are no greats in any aspect and there are none there who do not know anything,
Since all the people in the city have learned and posses everything,
In that city there are none who do not have anything and also having everything.
167. That city was like the fruit tree , which had sprouted from “Education”,
Which has risen up and has large number of branches which are,
The knowledge gleaned from various books and is the first and the strong,
With great penance as leaves, with buds which is the love towards all beings,
Which flower as acts of Dharma which gives rise “sweet experience” as fruit,
(The chapter on governance)
168. The king of that great city is the king of kings,
And using his honourable scepter, which was matchless,
He ruled the city so that he could go to the seven worlds,
He is the great personification of Dharma who fathered,
The very strong and famous hero Rama of this great story,
Who wore the heroic armlet and shined.
169.The great characters like being first, brainy , follower of Dharma ,
Peace loving nature, heroism which was fault and matchless,
Charity and justice , were complete within him,
But only half as much required in all other kings.
170.In this ancient world , which is encircled by the ocean,
There was no hand which were not made wet ,
By the water which he took in his hand while giving charity ,
And all the yagas which Were left as difficult to be performed
By the kings who were following true Vedic tenets ,
Were all done by this king and forgotten.
171.That king was similar to the mother in loving others,
Was similar to penance in doing good to others,
Was like their children because he stood with them,
At their time of death and helped them go to heaven,
Was like medicine as he was trying to cure sickness of people,
And he was like wisdom, when one tries analyze matters.
172. That king crossed those who begged with him, by the boat of “giving”,
He crossed the ocean of wisdom , by using the boat of “research of great books”,
He crossed the ocean of enemies using the boat of anger and sword,
And he crossed the ocean of riches that followed him by contentment.
173.That king of kings who carried the spear in the leather case ,
Who had a fame that never diminishes and was called,
“The philanthropic Dasaratha” ruled in such a way ,
That , birds , animals and the mind of prostitutes ,
Went in a straight path without crossing its boundary ,
And was staying stable of his great fame.
174. The entire world with the mountain of horizon as its boundary walls,
The very broad ocean surrounding it as its moat,
With all the mountains becoming gem studded great mansions,
Was like Ayodhya the capital city of that great king.
175. Due to his participating in wars , in which he was match ,
To the strength of any one who opposed him in war,
And who carried his pet weapons of sword and spear ,
Which had lost their sharpness because they were used ,
Again and again and by the touch of the feet of the king,
On the row of the crowns of those kings who bowed before him.
176.The moon like white Umbrella of Dasaratha is sufficient,
For growing day by day without diminishing,
And give cool shade to all the beings on earth,
And also make the world with no darkness at all ,
And so they say this Kosala tree does not need a moon,
Which is in the sky and which diminishes and increases.
177.Since that king Dasaratha who has lion like strength ,
And who was wearing diamond studded ornaments,
Was protecting the soul of all others , just like his soul,
In this faultless world , became the body in which,
All the souls of all the world preferred to live.
178.That Dasaratha who had very big shoulders like the mountain,
Appearing like the hot sun in the very tall sky and the great God,
Wandered all around the moving and not moving beings ,
And carried out the job of protecting them all with his victorious wheel of rule.
176.Since that king had no enemies who were interested in attacking him,
And his big shoulders looking like drums were irritating and longing for a war
And he was looking after the souls of all the world ,
Like a poor man who sincerely looks after his fields and ruling with sweetness.